Empress dowager cixi the concubine who launched modern china is a 2013 biography written by jung chang published by alfred a knopf chang presents a sympathetic portrait of the empress dowager cixi who unofficially controlled the manchu qing dynasty in china for 47 years from 1861 to her death in 1908. Empress dowager cixi 1835 1908 is the most important woman in chinese history she ruled china for decades and brought a medieval empire into the modern age at the age of sixteen in a nationwide selection for royal consorts cixi was chosen as one of the emperors numerous concubines when . Is a vigorous defence of a ruthless ruler and murderer justified asks isabel hilton. Empress dowager cixi the concubine who launched modern china presents a figure whose leadership enabled the country to begin to acquire virtually all the attributes of a modern state . In 2013 jung changs biography empress dowager cixi the concubine who launched modern china portrays cixi as the most capable ruler and administrator that china could have had at the time pamela kyle crossley said in the london review of books that changs claims seem to be minted from her own musings and have little to do with what we
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